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Saturday, December 23, 2017

Animal bites விலங்குகள் கடித்தால் First Aid முதலுதவி

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Animal bites விலங்குகள் கடித்தால்
An animal bite can result in a break or tear in the skin, a bruise, or a puncture wound.

Alternative Names
Bites - animals

Considerations கவனிக்கவேண்டியவை
Bites that result in puncture wounds are more likely to become infected. You might have a puncture wound if an animal's tooth went through your skin during the bite.

An animal bite is also more likely to become infected in those who have:
·         A weakened immune system due to medicines or disease (மருந்துகள் அல்லது நோயின் காரணமாக எதிர்ப்பு சக்தி குறைதல்)
·         Diabetes(நீரிழிவு)
·         Peripheral artery disease (புற தமனி நோய்)
Some animals are infected with a virus that can cause rabies. Bats may spread this disease. Rabies is rare but can be deadly. If you get a rabies shot very soon after you are bitten, you can develop immunity to the disease and not get sick. For more information on this disease, see:  Rabies.

Antibiotics are used to treat many animal bites, especially:
·         If it involved your hands or fingers (கைகள் அல்லது கைவிரல்களில் கடித்தால்)
·         If a cat or monkey bit you (குரங்கு அல்லது பூனை கடித்தால்)
You may need antibiotics even if you did not need stitches or a rabies shot.

Causes காரணங்கள்
Pets are the most common cause of bites.
·         Dog bites are most common. (நாய் கடித்தல் என்பது பொதுவானது)
·         Cat bites are less common (பூனை கடித்தல் என்பது குறைவு), but have a higher risk of infection. Cat teeth are longer and sharper, which can cause deeper puncture wounds.
·         Stray animals and wild animals, such as skunks, raccoons, and bats, also bite thousands of people each year.
If you are bitten by a wild animal or an unknown pet, try to keep it in view while you notify animal control authorities for help in capturing it. They will determine if the animal needs to be impounded and checked for rabies. Any animal whose rabies vaccination status is unknown should be captured and quarantined.

Symptoms அறிகுறிகள்
Possible symptoms include:
·         Break or major cuts in the skin with or without bleeding(தோலில் இரத்தம் கசியாமல் ஆழமான காயம்)
·         Bruising(சிராய்ப்புண்)
·         Crushing injuries (நசுக்கிய காயங்கள்)
·         Puncture-type wound (பஞ்சர் வகை காயம்)
Certain diseases can also be spread through bites from various animals. These diseases may cause
·         Flu-like (காய்ச்சல் போன்ற உணர்வு)
·         Headache(தலைவலி)
·         Fever(காய்ச்சல்)
Symptoms, and.

First Aid முதலுதவி
1.   Calm and reassure the person. Wear latex gloves or wash your hands thoroughly before attending to the wound. Wash hands afterwards, too.
2.   If the bite is not bleeding severely, wash the wound thoroughly with mild soap and running water for 3 to 5 minutes. Then, cover the bite with antibiotic ointment and a clean dressing.
3.   If the bite is actively bleeding, apply direct pressure with a clean, dry cloth until the bleeding stops. Raise the area of the bite.
4.   If the bite is on the hand or fingers, call the doctor right away.
5.   Over the next 24 to 48 hours, watch the area of the bite for signs of infection (increasing skin redness, swelling, and pain).
6.   If the bite becomes infected, call the doctor or take the person to an emergency medical center.

Do not செய்ய கூடாதவைகள்
Do NOT go near an animal that may have rabies or is acting strangely or aggressively. Do NOT try to catch it yourself.

If an animal's behavior is strange, it may be rabid. Notify the proper authorities. The police can always direct you to the proper animal control authorities. Tell them what the animal looks like and where it is so they can capture it.

Prevention தடுப்புமுறைகள்
Teach children not to approach strange animals.

Do NOT provoke or tease animals.

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Disclaimer: These articles is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. we used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.