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Some psycho conditions

Adjustment disorders: A type of condition with emotional or behavioural symptoms that occur in response to identifiable stress in a person’s life.

Affective disorder (also called mood disorder): A category of mental health problems that includes a disturbance in mood, usually profound sadness or apathy, euphoria or irritability, such as the disorder depression.

Agoraphobia: A Greek word that literally means “fear of the marketplace.” This anxiety disorder is characterized by a fear of open, public places or of being in crowds. Agoraphobics often experience panic attacks in a place or situation from which escape may be difficult or embarrassing.

Amnestic disorder (also called amnesia): A brain disorder marked by memory impairment.

Anger: The experience of intense annoyance that inspires hostile and aggressive thoughts and actions.

Anorexia nervosa (also called anorexia): An eating disorder characterized by low body weight, a distorted body image, an extreme aversion to food and an intense fear of gaining weight.

Antidepressants: Medications that treat depression, as well as other psychiatric disorders.
Children, teens and adults being treated with antidepressants, particularly anyone being treated for depression, should be watched closely for worsening of depression and for increased suicidal thinking or behaviour. Close watching may be especially important early in treatment or when the dose is changed – either increased or decreased. Bring up your concerns immediately with a doctor.

Antisocial personality disorder: A disorder characterized by a disregard for the feelings, property, authority and respect of others, for an individual’s own personal gain. This may include violent or aggressive destructive actions toward other people, without a sense or remorse or guilt.

Anxiety: A feeling of unease and fear of impending danger characterized by physical symptoms such as rapid heart rate, sweating, trembling and feelings of stress. In contrast to fear, the danger or threat in anxiety is imagined, not real.

Anxiety disorders: Conditions characterized by high levels of anxiety. Currently five different anxiety disorders are recognized: generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, panic disorder, post traumatic stress disorder and social phobia.

Attention-deficit disorder (ADD) and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): A behaviour disorder, usually first diagnosed in childhood that is characterized by inattention, impulsivity and, in some cases, hyperactivity.

Autistic disorder (also called autism): A neurological and developmental disorder that usually appears during the first three years of life. A child with autism appears to live in his/her own world, demonstrating little interest in others and a lack of social awareness. The focus of an autistic child is a consistent routine and includes an interest in repeating odd and peculiar behaviours. Autistic children often have problems in communication, avoid eye contact and show limited attachment to others.

Avoidant personality disorder: People with avoidant personality disorder avoid situations with any potential for conflict or rejection and are disturbed by their own social isolation, withdrawal and inability to form close, interpersonal relationships.

Behavioural therapy: A form of psychotherapy that focuses on modifying observable problematic behaviours by manipulating the individual’s environment.

Binge eating disorder: A disorder that resembles bulimia nervosa and is characterized by episodes of excessive overeating (or bingeing). It differs from bulimia, because sufferers do not purge their bodies of the excess food, via vomiting, laxative abuse or diuretic abuse.

Bingeing: A destructive pattern of excessive overeating.

Bipolar disorder: A mood disorder (formerly called manic-depressive disorder) that is characterized by episodes of major depression and mania.

Borderline personality disorder: People with this disorder present instability in their perceptions of themselves, and have difficulty maintaining stable relationships. Moods may also be inconsistent, but never neutral — their sense of reality is always seen in “black and white.” Adults with borderline personality disorder often seek caretaking through the manipulation of others, leaving them often feeling empty, angry and abandoned, which may lead to desperate and impulsive behaviour.

Bulimia nervosa (also called bulimia): A condition characterized by binge eating followed by extreme measures to undo the binge (often vomiting).

Child and adolescent psychiatrist: Licensed physicians who specialize in the evaluation, diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders in children and adolescents.

Chronic: A term used to describe long-term persistence. In some mental health disorders, chronic is specified as persisting for six months or longer.

Claustrophobia: A fear of enclosed spaces.

Cognitive-behavioural therapy: A method of treating psychiatric disorders based on the idea that the way we think about the world and ourselves (our cognitions) affects our emotions and behaviour.

Cognitive disorders: The class of disorders consisting of significant impairment of cognition or memory that represents a marked deterioration from a previous level of functioning.

Cognitive therapy: A method of treating psychiatric disorders that focuses on revising a person’s thinking, perceptions, attitudes and beliefs.

Compartmentalization: A process of separating parts of the self from awareness of other parts and behaving as if one had separate sets of values. This is considered a defence mechanism.

Compensation: A process of psychologically counterbalancing perceived weaknesses by emphasizing strength in other arenas. This is considered a defence mechanism.

Compulsion: An uncontrollable, repetitive and unwanted urge to perform an act. A compulsive act is a defence against unacceptable ideas and desires, and failure to perform the act leads to anxiety.

Compulsive overeating: A tendency toward binging on large amounts of food, followed by extreme guilt.

Cyclothymia:A mood disorder of at least two years’ duration viewed as a mild variant of bipolar disorder. Cyclothymia is characterized by numerous periods of mild depressive symptoms not sufficient in duration or severity to meet the criteria for major depression interspersed with periods of hypomania.

Delirium: A condition in which changes in cognition, including a disturbance in consciousness, occur over a relatively short period of time.

Delusions: Beliefs such as delusions of grandeur that are thought to be true by the person having them, but these beliefs are wrong. People with delusions cannot be convinced that their beliefs are incorrect.

Dementia: A group of mental disorders involving a general loss of intellectual abilities, including memory, judgment and abstract thinking. Dementias may be associated with poor impulse control and personality changes.

Denial: The refusal to accept reality and to act as if a painful event, thought or feeling did not exist.

Dependent personality disorder: People with this disorder rely heavily on others for validation and fulfilment of basic needs. They often lack self-confidence, have difficulty making decisions and are unable to properly care for themselves.

Depression: A mood disturbance characterized by feelings of sadness, loneliness, despair, low self-esteem, worthlessness, withdrawal from social interaction, and sleep and eating disturbances.

Diagnosis: The determination by a health care professional of the cause of a person’s problems, usually by identifying both the disease process and the agent responsible.

Displacement: The redirecting of thoughts, feelings and impulses from a source that causes anxiety to a safer, more acceptable one.

Dyslexia A reading disorder. A child with dyslexia reads below the expected level given his/her age, school grade and intelligence.

Dysthymia (also known as dysthymic disorder): A mood disorder characterized by chronic mildly depressed or irritable mood often accompanied by a loss of interest or pleasure in normal activities that is present most of the time for at least two years. Many people with dysthymia experience major depressive episodes at times.

Eating disorders: Disorders characterized by abnormal eating behaviours and a distorted body image.

Euphoria: A feeling of elation that is not based on reality and is commonly exaggerated.

Factitious disorders: Conditions in which physical and/or psychological symptoms are fabricated in order to place an individual in the role of a patient or sick person in need of help.

Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD): A psychiatric condition in which the main symptoms are chronic worry and fear that seems to have no real cause. There may be many associated physical reactions, such as trembling, jitteriness, sweating, light headedness and irritability.

Hallucinations: A strong perception of an event or object when no such situation is present; may occur in any of the senses (i.e., visual, auditory, gustatory, olfactory or tactile).

Histrionic personality disorder:People with this disorder are overly conscious of their appearance, are constantly seeking attention, exaggerate emotions and often behave dramatically.

Hostility: The disposition to inflict harm on another person and/or the actual infliction of harm, either physically or emotionally.

Hyperventilation: Abnormally deep or rapid breathing, often seen when someone is anxious.

Hypomania: An episode of illness that resembles mania, but is less intense and less disabling. Hypomania is characterized by a euphoric mood, unrealistic optimism, increased speech and activity, and a decreased need for sleep.

Identity: Self-knowledge about one’s characteristics or personality. A sense of self.

Illusions: A false perception; the mistaking of something for what is not.

Impulse-control disorders: Disorders characterized by the inability to inhibit impulses that might be harmful to oneself or others.

Insomnia: Difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep when one has the opportunity to be sleeping.

Interpersonal therapy: A form of psychotherapy that focuses on a patient’s interpersonal relationships; it may be used to treat depression.

Kleptomania: A pathological compulsion or impulse to steal.

Learning disorder: When a child’s academic ability is below what is expected for the child’s age, schooling and level of intelligence. A learning difficulty is usually identified in reading, math or writing.
Lethargy: A feeling of tiredness, drowsiness or lack of energy.

Maintenance treatment: Treatment to prevent a new mood episode, such as depression, mania or hypomania.

Major depressive disorder (also known as clinical depression): A major mood disorder characterized by one or more (recurrent) episodes of major depression, with or without full recovery between episodes.

Mania: An episode usually seen in the course of bipolar disorder characterized by a marked increase in energy, extreme elation, impulsivity, irritability, rapid speech, nervousness, distractibility and/or poor judgment. During manic episodes, some people also experience hallucinations or delusions.

Manic depression (also known as bipolar disorder): Classified as a type of affective disorder (or mood disorder) that goes beyond the day’s ordinary ups and downs. Manic depression is characterized by periodic episodes of extreme elation, elevated mood, or irritability (also called mania) countered by periodic, classic depressive symptoms.

Melancholy :Symptoms usually found in severe major depressive episodes, including loss of pleasure, lethargy, weight loss and insomnia.

Mood disorder (also known as affective disorder): A category of mental health problems including a disturbance in mood, usually profound sadness or apathy, euphoria or irritability, such as the disorder major depression.

Narcissistic personality disorder: People with this personality disorder have severely overly inflated feelings of self-worth, grandiosity and superiority over others.

Neurotransmitters :In the brain, these chemicals transfer messages from one nerve cell to another and affect mood.

Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD):An anxiety disorder in which a person has an unreasonable thought, fear or worry that he/she may try to manage through ritualized activity. Frequently occurring disturbing thoughts or images are called obsessions, and the rituals performed to try to prevent or dispel them are called compulsions. People with OCD often become uncomfortable in situations that are beyond their control and have difficulty maintaining positive, healthy interpersonal relationships as a result.

Panic disorder (also called panic attacks): An anxiety disorder characterized by chronic, repeated and unexpected intense periods of fear when there is no specific cause for the fear. In between panic attacks, people with panic disorder worry excessively about when and where the next attack may occur. Panic disorder may be accompanied by agoraphobia.

Paranoid personality disorder: People with this disorder are often cold, distant and unable to form close, interpersonal relationships. Often overly suspicious of their surroundings, people with paranoid personality disorder generally cannot see their role in conflict situations and often project their feelings of paranoia as anger onto others.

Phobia: An uncontrollable, irrational and persistent fear of a specific object, situation or activity.

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) :A debilitating condition that is related to a past terrifying physical or emotional experience causing the person who survived the event to have persistent, frightening thoughts and memories or flashbacks, of the ordeal. People with PTSD often feel chronically emotionally numb.

Psychotherapy: The treatment of mental and emotional disorders using psychological methods, such as talk therapy.

Purging: People with bulimia engage in a destructive pattern of ridding their bodies of the excess calories (to control their weight) by vomiting, abusing laxatives or diuretics, taking enemas and/or exercising obsessively — a process called purging.

Pyromania: A pathological compulsion to set fires.

Rage: A state of intense emotional experience associated with uncontrolled destructive behaviour.

Reaction formation: The converting of wishes or impulses that are perceived to be dangerous into opposite thoughts. This is considered a defence mechanism.

Regression: The reversion to an earlier stage of development in the face of unacceptable impulses. This is considered a defence mechanism.

Relapse :The recurrence of a disease after apparent recovery, or the return of symptoms after remission.

Remission :A return to the asymptomatic state, usually accompanied by a return to the usual level of functioning.

Repression :The blocking of unacceptable impulses from consciousness. This is considered a
defence mechanism.

Schizoid personality disorder: People with this disorder are often cold, distant, introverted and have an intense fear of intimacy and closeness. They are often so absorbed in their own thinking and daydreaming that they stay detached from others and reality.

Schizophrenia: A complex mental health disorder involving a severe, chronic and disabling disturbance of the brain. The symptoms may include hallucinations, delusions and disorganized thinking.

Seasonal affective disorder (SAD): A mood disorder characterized by depression related to a certain season of the year — especially winter.

Sedatives: A group of drugs used to produce sedation (calmness). Sedatives include sleeping pills and anti-anxiety drugs.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs):A commonly prescribed class of drugs for treating depression. SSRIs work by stopping the reuptake of serotonin, an action that allows more serotonin to be available to be taken up by other nerves.
The SSRI Paxil may increase the risk for birth defects, particularly heart defects, when women take it during the first three months of pregnancy, according to a 2005 advisory from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The FDA is waiting for the results of recent studies to better understand the higher risk. Discuss with your doctor about the health risks of Paxil if you plan to become pregnant or are in the first three months of pregnancy. You may want to consider taking a different antidepressant. Do not stop taking the drug without first talking to your doctor.

Self-esteem :Feelings about one’s self.

Social phobia: An anxiety disorder in which a person has significant anxiety and discomfort related to a fear of being embarrassed, humiliated, or scorned by others in social or performance situations.

Somatization disorder: A chronic disorder characterized by multiple, often long-standing physical complaints such as aches and pains.

Specific phobia: A type of phobia characterized by extreme fear of an object or situation that is not harmful under normal conditions.

Sublimation: The channelling of unacceptable impulses into more acceptable outlets. This is considered a defence mechanism.

Suicidal behaviour: Actions taken by one who is considering or preparing to cause their own death.

Suicidal ideation: Thoughts of suicide or wanting to take one’s life.

Suicide: The intentional taking of one’s life.

Suicide attempt: An act focused on taking one’s life that is unsuccessful in causing death.

Supportive therapy; Psychotherapy that focuses on the management and resolution of current difficulties and life decisions using the individual’s strengths and available resources.

Symptom breakthrough: The return of symptoms in the course of either the continuation or maintenance phase treatment.

Tourette’s syndrome :A tic disorder characterized by repeated involuntary movements and uncontrollable vocal sounds. This disorder usually begins during childhood or early adolescence.

Trichotillomania: Recurrent hair pulling resulting in significant hair loss with a motivation of self-gratification or tension release.

Tricyclic antidepressants: Drugs used in the treatment of clinical depression. Tricyclic refers to the presence of three rings in the chemical structure of these drugs.

Vegetative symptoms :A group of symptoms that refer to sleep, appetite and/or weight regulation.

Online & Phone Counseling: The Vivekanantha psychotherapy and counselling Center provides online counselling, as well as counselling over the telephone. There are certain circumstances where such therapy is appropriate, especially if the person seeking such therapy has limited access to transportation or therapists in their area.

If you have any queries/problems,
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Feel free to contact us.

The “Psychologist” Psychological Counseling Centre’s at
Chennai:- 9786901830
Panruti:- 9443054168
Pondicherry:- 9865212055 (Camp)

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Clinic & Camp Clinics

Vivekanantha Homoeo Clinic & Psychological Counselling Center

Dr.Senthil Kumar’s Consultation Schedule


Head Office

Monday to Saturday:- 10.00am to 12.30pm &

5.00pm to 8.30pm

Sunday: - 10.30am to 12.30pm

(Consultation by Appointment only)

For Appointment

Please call: 09443054168,

Paramount Park

(Dr Plaza) - B Block,

B-12, Second Floor,

Velachery Main Road,

Direct Opposite to Saravana Stores,

Supreme Mobiles upstairs,

Near Vijaya nagar Bus Stand,

Velachery, Chennai 42,


Branch Office

Monday(First & Third Monday of Every Month)

10.00am to 12.30pm &

05.30pm to 8.30pm

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11, Kuchipalayam Street

(Opposite lane to Boys Hr Sec School), Panruti-607106,

Cuddalore District,

Tamil Nadu, India


Branch Office

Every Saturday:

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Ø we concentrate more to patient’s privacy, so we are allotting 40 to 50 minutes/client – “so be there at time”

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Disclaimer: These articles is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. we used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.