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Friday, September 4, 2015

Acidosis - அஸிடோஸிஸ் Treatment & management

 Acidosis  - அஸிடோஸிஸ் Treatment & management

Acidosis  - ஸிடோஸிஸ்
Acidosis is a condition in which there is too much acid in the body fluids. It is the opposite of alkalosis (a condition in which there is too much base in the body fluids).

Causes - காரணங்கள்
The kidneys and lungs maintain the balance (proper pH level) of chemicals called acids and bases in the body. Acidosis occurs when acid builds up or when bicarbonate (a base) is lost. Acidosis is classified as either
·         Respiratory (ரெஸ்பிரேடரீ)
· metabolic acidosis (மெடபாலிக் ஆஸிடோஸிஸ் - வளர்சிதை மாற்ற அமில அதிகரித்தல்)
Respiratory acidosis develops when there is too much carbon dioxide (an acid) in the body. This type of acidosis is usually caused when the body is unable to remove enough carbon dioxide through breathing. Other names for respiratory acidosis are hypercapnic acidosis and carbon dioxide acidosis. 

Causes of respiratory acidosis include:
·         Chest deformities, such as kyphosis (செஸ்ட் டிஃபார்மிடீஸ்)
·         Chest injuries (செஸ்ட் இன்ஜுரீஸ் - மார்பு காயங்கள்)
·         Chest muscle weakness (செஸ்ட் மசில் வீக்‌நெஸ்- மார்பு தசை பலவீனம்)
·         Chronic lung disease (க்ரானிக் லங்க் டிஸீஸ் - நாள்பட்ட நுரையீரல் நோய்)
·         Overuse of sedative drugs (மயக்க மருந்துகள் பயன்பாடு)
Metabolic acidosis develops when too much acid is produced in the body. It can also occur when the kidneys cannot remove enough acid from the body. There are several types of metabolic acidosis:
·         Diabetic acidosis (டையெபெடிக் ஆஸிடோஸிஸ் - நீரிழிவு அமிலத்துவம்)
Diabetes (டையபிடீஸ்- நீரிழிவு)
(also called diabetic ketoacidosis and DKA) develops when substances called ketone bodies (which are acidic) build up during uncontrolled .
·    Hyperchloremic acidosis is caused by the loss of too much sodium bicarbonate from the body, which can happen with severe diarrhea.
·         Lactic acidosis (லாக்‌டிக் ஆஸிடோஸிஸ்- லாக்டிக் அமில அதிகரித்தல்)
·         Lactic acid  (லாக்டிக் அமிலம்)
is a buildup of . This can be caused by:
·         Cancer (புற்றுநோய்)
·         Drinking too much alcohol (அதிகமாக மது அருந்துதல்)
·         Exercising vigorously for a very long time (அதிகமாக உடற்பயிற்சி செய்தல்)
·         Liver failure ( கல்லீரல் செயலிழப்பு)
·         Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) ( இரத்தத்தில் சர்க்கரை அளவு குறைதல்)
·         Medications, such as salicylates
·     MELAS (a very rare genetic mitochondrial disorder that affects energy production) (மேல்ஸ்)
·         Prolonged lack of oxygen from shock, heart failure, or severe anemia
·         Seizures

Other causes of metabolic acidosis include:
·         Kidney disease  (கிட்னி டிஸீஸ் - சிறுநீரக நோய்)
(distal renal tubular acidosis proximal renal tubular acidosis and )
·         Poisoning by aspirin, ethylene glycol (found in antifreeze), or methanol
·         Severe dehydration (கடுமையான உடல் நீர் வறட்சி)

Metabolic acidosis symptoms depend on the underlying disease or condition. Metabolic acidosis itself usually causes rapid breathing. Confusion or lethargy may also occur. Severe metabolic acidosis can lead to shock or death.

Respiratory acidosis symptoms can include confusion, fatigue, lethargy, shortness of breath, and sleepiness.

Possible Complications
Complications depend on the specific type of acidosis.

Prevention depends on the cause of the acidosis. Many causes of metabolic acidosis can be prevented, including diabetic ketoacidosis and some causes of lactic acidosis. Normally, people with healthy kidneys and lungs do not have serious acidosis.

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Disclaimer: These articles is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. we used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.