Poses risk of early miscarriage, small babies and still birth. Preferably even ask your partner to stop smoking, as passive smoking is as harmful as active smoking.
Research shows that drinking alcohol even in moderate amounts increases the risk of miscarriage or low birth weight of babies.
Many drugs cross the placenta and cause severe abnormalities. Before taking any pills, antibiotics or drugs for any illness, it is important to consult your obstretician.
Note : Even aspirin, sleeping pills and anti diarrhoeal tablets can cause problems.
Certain tetrogenic substances (agents that cause birth defects) can be found in the work place e.g. lead or mercury or ionizing radiations used in X-rays. These interfere with the normal development of the baby, especially if exposed in the 1st trimester, when the baby’s organs are forming.
Problems can arise at anytime and because they threaten both the health of the mother and the baby, the risks should be assessed throughout pregnancy with intensive prenatal care.
Toxoplasmosis, is a disease which affects the health of the baby in the womb. This parasite which is in the cats litter contaminates the soil and you can get the disease by handling this contaminated soil e.g. in gardening. Also flies and cockroaches spread contaminated soil or food.