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Wednesday, May 11, 2011

Bleeding - First Aid

First aid for a bleeding victim is crucial. If you can slow or stop blood loss until the paramedics arrive, the patient's chances of surviving increase dramatically.
Causes: Various injuries, such as scrapes, cuts, puncture wounds, or amputations, can cause external bleeding. If an object is impaled in the skin,

Emergency Treatment:
  1. Seek immediate medical attention for severe bleeding, cuts that are more than skin deep, cuts with ragged edges, cuts with deeply embedded dirt, impaled objects, or amputations. Call for Ambulance or Emergency Medical Service
    Until medical assistance is available:
  2. Control bleeding with direct pressure:
  • Cover wound with sterile dressing or clean cloth, diaper, or sanitary napkin.
  • Place your gloved hand over dressing, and press firmly.
  • Continue pressure until bleeding stops.
  • DO NOT remove dressing. If soaked through, add more material, and continue pressure.
  • If no broken bone suspected, elevate wound higher than level of heart. DO NOT move limb if you think it is broken.

External bleeding first aid
Elevate area above the heart
if it does not appear broken.
If bleeding does not slow after 5 minutes of direct pressure, have victim lie down, continue direct pressure on wound, and apply pressure to pressure point between wound and heart:
  • For wounds on arms, press on brachial artery: Use your fingers to apply pressure to inner side of victim's upper arm, between elbow and shoulder, in groove between muscles.
  • For wounds on legs, press on femoral artery in groin: Use heel of hand to apply pressure at middle of crease where thigh meets groin.
  • Release pressure point as soon as bleeding stops.
  1. Once bleeding is controlled, secure original dressings with bandage.
  2. Observe for shock
  3. To Recover Amputated Part: Wrap amputated part with dry gauze; DO NOT immerse in water or other liquid. Put wrapped appendage in sealed plastic bag or container. Place bag or container atop bed of ice -- DO NOT submerge. Send with victim, or transport immediately to emergency room.
Pressure Points

Causes: Can occur after direct blow or crushing injury to chest, abdomen, or torso or can result from disease-related damage to an internal organ, as in a bleeding ulcer

Symptoms: Bright red blood coughed up; bright or dark red blood in vomit; vomit that looks like coffee grounds; bright red blood or dark tar-like substance in feces; rigid, swollen, or bruised abdomen; weak, rapid, irregular breathing

Emergency Treatment

    External Bleeding first aid 
    Check victim's breathing and watch for shock while waiting for 
    Ambulance or Emergency Medical Service
  1. Check victim's breathing. If breathing stops, 
  2. Seek medical assistance immediately. Call for EMS.

    Until Ambulance or Emergency Medical Service arrives:
  3. Keep victim lying down on their side or sitting up if more comfortable for victim, and cover lightly with blanket.
  4. Observe for shock
  5. DO NOT give food or drink.

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Clinic & Camp Clinics

Vivekanantha Homoeo Clinic & Psychological Counselling Center

Dr.Senthil Kumar’s Consultation Schedule


Head Office

Monday to Saturday:- 10.00am to 12.30pm &

5.00pm to 8.30pm

Sunday: - 10.30am to 12.30pm

(Consultation by Appointment only)

For Appointment

Please call: 09443054168,

Paramount Park

(Dr Plaza) - B Block,

B-12, Second Floor,

Velachery Main Road,

Direct Opposite to Saravana Stores,

Supreme Mobiles upstairs,

Near Vijaya nagar Bus Stand,

Velachery, Chennai 42,


Branch Office

Monday(First & Third Monday of Every Month)

10.00am to 12.30pm &

05.30pm to 8.30pm

(Consultation by Appointment only)

For Appointment

Please call: 09443054168,

11, Kuchipalayam Street

(Opposite lane to Boys Hr Sec School), Panruti-607106,

Cuddalore District,

Tamil Nadu, India


Branch Office

Every Saturday:

11.00am to 02.00pm

(Consultation by Appointment only)


Please call: 09443054168,


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Disclaimer: These articles is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. we used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.