anal fistula is usually caused by an anal abscess, an infection-filled
cavity occurring in the underlying tissues of the anal canal. When an
abscess bursts or is opened, and the pus or fluid drains from it, an anal
fistula is often formed. It then remains open, even after the abscess has
you have an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) such as diverticulitis,
colitis, you are more likely to develop an anal abscess and fistula.
Individuals with diseases that reduce the body immunity such as AIDS or
cancer are also at a higher risk.
and tenderness are symptoms of both anal abscess and fistulas.
of pus and fluid from the abscess, which can cause irritation and itching
in the skin around the anus.
symptoms include fever, chills, fatigue or weakness.
most common symptom of a recto-vaginal fistula is
of bowel contents (gas and/or stool) through the vagina.
of the vagina, which results in burning, itching and discharge
of the bladder, which causes frequent and sometimes painful urination.