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Thursday, September 3, 2015

Bilirubin in blood - Jaundice இரத்தத்தில் பிலிரூபின் கலத்தல் - மஞ்சள் காமாலை,

 மஞ்சல் காமலை, பித்த நீர், பித்த வாந்தி, manjal kamalai, vellai kamalai,



Bilirubin in blood (இரத்தத்தில் பிலிரூபின் கலத்தல்)
Definition
Bilirubin is a yellowish pigment found in bile, a fluid made by the liver.

This article discusses the laboratory test that is done to measure bilirubin in the blood.

A small amount of older red blood cells are replaced by new blood cells every day. Bilirubin is left after these older blood cells are removed. The liver helps break down bilirubin so that it can be removed from the body in the stool.

Bilirubin may also be measured with a urine test.

Alternative Names
Total bilirubin - blood; Unconjugated bilirubin - blood; Indirect bilirubin - blood; Conjugated bilirubin - blood; Direct bilirubin - blood

How the test is performed (பரிசோதனை எப்படி செய்யப்படுகிறது)
A blood sample is needed. This may be taken from a vein. The test is called a venipuncture.

How to prepare for the test (பரிசோதனைக்கு எப்படி தயாராகுவது)
You should not eat or drink for at least 4 hours before the test. Your health care provider may instruct you to stop taking drugs that affect the test.

Many drugs may change the bilirubin levels in your blood. Make sure your doctor knows which medications you are taking.

Why the test is performed (ஏன் பரிசோதனை செய்யப்படுகிறது)
Large amounts of bilirubin in the blood can lead to jaundice. Jaundice is a yellow color in the skin, mucus membranes, or eyes.

Jaundice is the most common reason to check bilirubin levels.
·         Most newborns have some jaundice. The doctor or nurse will often check the newborn's bilirubin level.  
·         The test may also be done in older infants, children, and adults who develop jaundice.
A bilirubin test will also be done if your doctor thinks you may have liver or gallbladder problems.

Normal Values  
It is normal to have some bilirubin in your blood. Normal levels are:
·         Direct (also called conjugated) bilirubin: 0 to 0.3 mg/dL (நேரடி என்று அழைக்கப்படும் இணைக்கப்பட்ட பிலிரூபின்: 0 0.3 மி.கி./dL)
·         Total bilirubin: 0.3 to 1.9 mg/dL (மொத்த பிலிரூபின்: 0.3 1.9 மி.கி./dL)
Note: mg/dL = milligrams per deciliter

Normal value ranges may vary slightly among different laboratories. Talk to your doctor about the meaning of your specific test results.

The examples above show the common results for these tests. Some laboratories use different measurements or may test different samples.

What abnormal results mean (அசாதாரண முடிவுகள்)
In newborns, bilirubin levels are higher for the first few days of life. Your child's doctor must consider the following when deciding whether your baby's bilirubin levels are too high:
·         How fast the level has been rising
·         Whether the baby was born early
·         How old the baby is
Jaundice can also occur when more red blood cells than normal are broken down. This can be caused by:
·         Erythroblastosis fetalis
·         Hemolytic anemia (சிவப்பு ரத்த அனுக்கள் இரத்த சோகை)
·         Transfusion reaction
The following liver problems may also cause jaundice or high bilirubin levels:
·         Cirrhosis (கல்லீரல் நோய்) (scarring of the liver)
·         Hepatitis (ஹெபடைடிஸ்)
·         Liver disease (கல்லீரல் நோய்)
·         Gilbert's disease (கில்பர்ட் நோய்)

The following problems with gallbladder or bile ducts may cause higher bilirubin levels:
·         Biliary stricture
·         Cancer of the pancreas or gallbladder (கணையம் அல்லது பித்தப்பை புற்றுநோய்)
·         Gallstones (பித்தக்கற்கள்)





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Disclaimer: These articles is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. we used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.