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Thursday, September 24, 2015

Acute cholecystitis அக்யூட் கோலிசிஸ்டைட்டிஸ் Information, Prevention and Treatment



 Cholecystitis Homeopathy treatment clinic in chennai



Acute cholecystitis (அக்யூட் கோலிசிஸ்டைட்டிஸ்)
Acute cholecystitis is a sudden swelling and irritation of the gallbladder. It causes severe belly pain.

Alternative Names
Cholecystitis - acute

Causes காரணங்கள்
The gallbladder is an organ that sits below the liver. It stores bile, which your body uses to digest fats in the small intestine.

Acute cholecystitis occurs when
·         Bile (பைல்)
·         Gallstone (பித்தப்பை கல்)
becomes trapped in the gallbladder. This often happens because a blocks the cystic duct. This is the tube that bile travels into and out of the gallbladder. When a stone blocks this duct, bile builds up, causing irritation and pressure in the gallbladder. This can lead to swelling and infection.

Other causes include:
·   Serious illnesses such as HIV or diabetes (எச்ஐவி அல்லது நீரிழிவு போன்ற கடுமையான நோய்கள்)
·         Tumors of the gallbladder (rare) (பித்தப்பை கட்டிகள்)

Some people are more at risk for gallstones. Risk factors include:
·         Being female (பெண்களுக்கு அதிகம் வரலாம்)
·         Pregnancy (கர்ப்பம்)
·         Hormone therapy (ஹார்மோன் தெரபி)
·         Older age (முதிர்ந்த வயது)
·         Obesity (உடல் பருமன்)
·         Losing or gaining weight rapidly (எடை வேகமாக கூடிவிடும் அல்லது குறையும்)
·         Diabetes (நீரிழிவு)
Sometimes the bile duct becomes blocked temporarily. When this occurs repeatedly, it can lead to chronic cholecystitis. This is swelling and irritation that continues over time. Eventually, the gallbladder becomes thick and hard. It also does not store and release bile as well.

Symptoms அறிகுறிகள்
The main symptom is pain in the upper right side or upper middle of your belly that usually lasts at least 30 minutes. You may feel:
·         Sharp, cramping, or dull pain (ஷார்ப், தசைப்பிடிப்பு அல்லது மந்தமான வலி)
·         Steady pain (ஸ்டெடி வலி)
·         Pain that spreads to your back or below your right shoulder blade

Other symptoms that may occur include:
·         Clay-colored stools (களிமண் நிற மலம்)
·         Fever (காய்ச்சல்)
·         Nausea and vomiting (குமட்டல் மற்றும் வாந்தி)
·         Yellowing of skin and whites of the eyes (jaundice) (மஞ்சள் காமாலை)

Exams and Tests
A physical exam will show that it hurts to touch your belly.
Your doctor may order the following blood tests:
·         Amylase and lipase (ஆமைலேஸ் அண்ட் லிப்பேஸ்)
·         Bilirubin (பிலிரூபின்)
·         Complete blood count (CBC) (முழுமையான இரத்த அணு பரிசோதனை)
·         Liver function tests (கல்லீரல் செயல்பாடு சோதனைகள்)

Imaging tests can show gallstones or inflammation. You may have one of these tests:
·         Abdominal ultrasound (ஆப்டாமில் அல்ட்ரா சவுண்ட்)
·         Abdominal CT scan (ஆப்டாமில் CT ஸ்கேன்)
·         Abdominal x-ray (ஆப்டாமில் எக்ஸ்-ரே)
·         Oral cholecystogram (ஓரல் கோலோ சிஸ்ட்டோகிராம்)
·         Gallbladder radionuclide scan (பித்தப்பை ஸ்கேன்)

Outlook (Prognosis)
Most people who have surgery to remove their gallbladder recover completely.

Possible Complications சாத்தியமான விளைவுகள்
·         Empyema (pus in the gallbladder) (சீழ்)
·         Gangrene (அழுகல்)
·         Injury to the bile ducts draining the liver (may occur after gallbladder surgery) (கல்லீரல் மற்றும் பித்தநாளங்களில் காயம்)
·         Pancreatitis (கணைய அழற்சி)
·         Perforation (ஓட்டை ஏற்படுதல்)
·         Peritonitis (inflammation of the lining of the abdomen) (பெரிட்டோனிட்டிஸ்)

Prevention

Removing the gallbladder and gallstones will prevent further attacks.



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Disclaimer: These articles is for information only and should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of medical conditions. we used all reasonable care in compiling the information but make no warranty as to its accuracy. Consult a doctor or other health care professional for diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions.